Kline Bill Seeks to Open the Door for States to Completely Eradicate Wolves in the Great Lakes

"US Capitol Building at night Jan 2006" by Diliff - Self-published work by Diliff. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons -
“US Capitol Building at night Jan 2006” by Diliff – Self-published work by Diliff. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons –

We make no illusions to the fact that the gray wolf is under a never ending attack from anti-wolf lobbying groups and members of Congress that are “owned” by these groups. A bill introduced last week by Tea Party extremists and anti-wolf fake “Democrats” seeks to completely remove all Endangered Species Act protections from Great Lakes wolves AND prevent them from EVER having any ESA protections in the future. While the (G)Reed Ribble bill is getting all of the attention, the other anti-wolf bill written by Tea Party extremist John Kline (R- MN Big Ag), H.R. 843, seeks to not only strip ESA protections from gray wolves in the Great Lakes it also would prevent ANY listing or protections for wolves in these states EVER under the ESA. Not only will this reopen the mass slaughter seasons in each state NOTHING would prevent these states from completely ERADICATING their wolf populations under this law. Here are the extremists “sponsoring” this bill followed by the full text:

Rep. Benishek, Dan [R-MI-1]

Rep. Huizenga, Bill [R-MI-2]

Rep. Moolenaar, John R. [R-MI-4]

Rep. Pearce, Stevan [R-NM-2]

Rep. Grothman, Glenn [R-WI-6]

Rep. Peterson, Collin C. [D-MN-7]

Rep. Duffy, Sean P. [R-WI-7]

Rep. Sensenbrenner, F. James, Jr. [R-WI-5]

[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 843 Introduced in House (IH)]

  1st Session
                                H. R. 843

   To prohibit treatment of gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and 
        Michigan as endangered species, and for other purposes.



                           February 10, 2015

  Mr. Kline (for himself, Mr. Benishek, Mr. Huizenga of Michigan, Mr. 
   Moolenaar, Mr. Pearce, Mr. Grothman, Mr. Peterson, and Mr. Duffy) 
 introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on 
                           Natural Resources


                                 A BILL

   To prohibit treatment of gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and 
        Michigan as endangered species, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ``Western Great Lakes Wolf Management 
Act of 2015''.


    In this Act:
            (1) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the States of 
        Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.
            (2) Wolf.--The term ``wolf'' means any species, subspecies, 
        or population segment of Canis lupus.


    Any wolf in Minnesota, Wisconsin, or Michigan shall not be treated 
under any status of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 
et seq.), including as an endangered species, a threatened species, an 
essential experimental population, or a nonessential experimental 


    (a) State Management Authority.--Each State shall have exclusive 
jurisdiction over the management of wolves within the borders of that 
    (b) Protection by States.--Nothing in this Act shall preclude any 
State from providing protections to wolves equivalent to those 
protections provided by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
1531 et seq.).
    (c) Reimbursement by States.--Nothing in this Act shall preclude 
any State from reimbursing the owner of livestock for any loss of 
livestock that results from depredation by wolves, or that derives from 
wolves, that were introduced into the wild.

This bill along with the (G)Reed Ribble bill will reopen the door to continue mass slaughter of wolves for revenge and political purposes and possibly lead to these states allowing for the total eradication of wolves with no recourse for federal protections. Wisconsin already allows for 24/7/365 hounding against wolves, but the Kline bill would allow for unlimited killing under the guise of “exclusive state management.” This is a VERY dangerous course of action that Congress is embarking on. We expect this from the extremist Tea Party factions but the eagerness of certain “Democrats” to jump on board is extremely alarming. This revolting behavior by anti-wolf extremists on both sides of the aisle in Congress prompted 50 world renowned biologists to pen a letter to Congress expressing extreme concern with the direction that this is going and to call for continued ESA protections for gray wolves.

February 18, 2015
An Open Letter to Members of Congress
from Scientists on Federal Wolf Delisting

We, the undersigned scientists, are writing to express opposition to the prospect that Congress might
act to delist gray wolves (Canis lupus) from the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

The best available science indicates that the gray wolf occupies a mere fraction of its historic range and therefore has not yet recovered from centuries of systematic persecution.

For this reason, and in recognition of the ecological benefits wolves bring,
millions of tourism dollars to local economies, and abundant knowledge from scientific study, we ask Congress to act to conserve the species for future

The ESA requires the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to base all listing decisions “solely on the basis of the best scientific and commercial data available” and that a species must be considered endangered if it is “at risk of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range” (Sections 3 and 4 of the ESA). A species is recovered when it no longer fits that definition and is unlikely to fit that definition in the foreseeable future. The best available science clearly indicates that wolves do not meet that standard – they occupy only a small portion of their former range—and that the species could occupy much more of its former range if the threats (primarily, human-caused mortality and inadequate regulatory mechanisms) were properly mitigated.

Despite this fact, the FWS has repeatedly removed federal ESA protections from wolves. It did so by distorting the plain meaning of the phrase, “significant portion of its range,” an important component of the ESA. Those distorted interpretations of the ESA are antithetical to what Congress intended when it enacted the ESA. Those distorted interpretations were also rejected by numerous federal courts that have ordered the FWS to restore federal protections to wolves, including two rulings in 2014 alone.

Currently, wolves are absent from most of the United States, with potentially secure populations in only a handful of states (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan). Yet, in those same states, the loss of federal protections resulted in state-sanctioned seasons on wolves at levels designed to reduce their populations to arbitrary goals, which were based on politics but not the best available science. For instance, since delisting, in Minnesota, the population has been reduced by 20 percent,
and in Wisconsin, by at least 15 percent, but likely by more.vii Before a federal court intervened, the Wyoming Legislature ordered that 80 percent of the state be open to unlimited wolf killing. Killing of wolves in Montana and Wyoming has even included wolves that should enjoy protections in Yellowstone and Teton national parks—the place where thousands of tourists go annually just to see wolves and support rural economies.

In rare circumstances, individual livestock owners suffer from wolves killing their livestock.
Assisting those livestock owners is both appropriate and readily accomplished through implementing non-lethal methods.

Added to this, livestock growers benefit by managing wolves as “threatened” under the ESA, which permits lethal management under a Section 4(d) rule, allowing agencies to use lethal control of wolves to resolve wolf-livestock conflicts.

Some have expressed their concern for human safety, but such fears should not be an obstacle to recovery. While there has never been a record of a healthy wild wolf attacking a human in the lower 48 states, the ESA listing still allows lethal removal of wolves for human safety reasons.

For all of these reasons, we urge Congress to oppose any legislation to remove the gray wolf (Canis lupus) from protections under the ESA. Wolves are an enormous asset to the biological diversity of our country and are well tolerated by the American public. After decades of making excellent progress toward recovery, it would be a shame to stop before the final goal is accomplished.


David M. Armstrong, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Marc Bekoff, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Bradley Bergstrom, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Biology
Valdosta State University
Valdosta, Georgia

Jim Berkelman, Ph.D.
Faculty Associate
Forest and Wildlife Ecology
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

Robert L. Beschta, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Forest Ecosystems and Society
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon

Goran E. D. Bloomberg, Ph.D.
Wildlife Ecologist, retired
Lansing, Michigan

Eugenia Bragina, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Research Associate
Forest and Wildlife Ecology
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

Barbara Brower, Ph.D.
Geography Department
Portland State University
Portland, Oregon

Jeremy Bruskotter, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
School of Environment and Natural Resources
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Joseph K. Bump, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
School of Forest Resources and Environmental
Michigan Technological University
Houghton, Michigan

Carlos Carroll, Ph.D.
Klamath Center for Conservation Research
Orleans, California

Amanda Cheeseman, Ph.D.
Graduate Research Assistant
Environmental Science and Forestry
State University of New York
Syracuse, New York

Robert Evans, M.S.
Wildlife Biologist
US Forest Service, retired
Iron River, Michigan

Tracy S. Feldman, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biology
Department of Natural and Life Sciences
St. Andrews University
Laurinburg, North Carolina

Richard Fredrickson, Ph.D.
Missoula, Montana

Bob Gillespie, Ph.D.
Agriculture and Natural Resources
Wenatchee Valley College
Wenatchee, Washington

Anthony J. Giordano, Ph.D.
Executive Director
Ventura, California

Jacob R. Goheen, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology &
University of Wyoming
Laramie, Wyoming

Craig K. Harris, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Department of Sociology
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Philip Hedrick, Ph.D.
Ullman Professor of Conservation Biology
School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University
Tempe, Arizona

Gretchen Kaufman, DVM
Assistant Director for Global Health Education
and Training
Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health
Washington State University
Pullman, Washington

Ken Keefover-Ring, Ph.D.
Assistant Scientist
Department of Entomology
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

Leah R. Knapp, D.V.M.
Professor of Biology
Biology Program Director
Department of Natural and Physical Sciences
Olivet College
Olivet, Michigan

Theresa L. Kong, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biology
Biology Department
William Rainey Harper College
Palatine, Illinois

Ralph Lampman, M.S.
Research Biologist
Department of Natural Resources
Yakama Nation, Prosser, Washington

James M. Le Moine, M.S.
Research Laboratory Specialist
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Jennifer Leonard, Ph.D.
Tenured Researcher
Department of Integrative Ecology
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC
Seville, Spain

Richard L. Lindroth, Ph.D.
Professor and Associate Dean for Research
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

Yan Linhart Ph.D.
Professor of Biology, Emeritus
Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
El Cerrito, California (currently)

Malcolm R. MacPherson, Ph.D.
Santa Fe, New Mexico

Stephen Malcolm, Ph.D.
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo, Michigan

Jason P. Martina, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biology
Department of Mathematics and Sciences
Our Lady of the Lake University
San Antonio, Texas

Lisa Naughton, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Geography
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin
Michael Paul Nelson, Ph.D.
Ruth H. Spaniol Chair of Renewable Resources
Professor of Environmental Philosophy and
Lead-PI, HJ Andrews LTER Program
Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon

David Parsons, M.S.
Carnivore Conservation Biologist
The Rewilding Institute
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Paul C. Paquet, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor
Departments of Geography & Biology
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Kathleen Perillo, M.S.
Biology and Environmental Science
Clark College
Vancouver, Washington

Rolf Peterson, Ph.D.
Robbins Professor of Sustainable Management
of the Environment
School of Forest Resources and Environmental
Michigan Technological University
Houghton, Michigan

Stuart Pimm, Ph.D.
Doris Duke Professor of Conservation
Nicholas School of the Environment
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina

Mike Phillips, M.S.
Montana State Senator, and
Executive Director
Turner Endangered Species Fund
Bozeman, Montana

Rich Reading, Ph.D.
Associate Research Professor
University of Denver
Denver, Colorado

William J. Ripple, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor of Ecology
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon

Daniel D. Roby, Ph.D
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon

Steve Sheffield, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor
College of Natural Resources and Environment
Virginia Tech
Falls Church, Virginia, and
Associate Professor
Department of Natural Sciences
Bowie State University, Maryland

Jeffrey W. Snyder, Ph.D
Department of Biology
Western Oregon University
Monmouth, Oregon

John M. Stewart, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Northland College
Washburn, Wisconsin

Heather Stricker, M.S.
Certified Wildlife Biologist, retired
Rhinelander, Wisconsin

Michael Soule, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Environmental Studies
UC Santa Cruz; and
Founder and First President of
Society for Conservation Biology
Paonia, Colorado

Adrian Treves, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Environmental Studies
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

Bridgett vonHoldt, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Princeton University
Princeton, New Jersey

John Vucetich, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
School of Forest Resources and Environmental
Michigan Technological University
Houghton, Michigan

Jonathan Way, Ph.D.
Founder, Eastern Coyote/Coywolf Research
Research Scientist, Marsh Institute, Clark
Osterville, Massachusetts

Full text of February 18, 2015 Letter to Congress

As you can see these biologists are well known and respected voices within the fields of carnivore studies, wildlife biology, environmental studies, etc. It was no small matter to get so many of these voices together to speak out against the reckless and ESA destroying plans now before Congress. This is as serious as it gets folks. Congress is opening the door for a second eradication of wolves in the Great Lakes and eventually nationwide. I personally do not trust any of the three states involved to property “manage” the wolves residing in their territory, especially Wisconsin. If Congress removes protections or even the threat of federal protections I am afraid that these states will not hesitate to eradicate the wolves remaining there or only allow a token population at most. Congress better think long and hard about what doors they will be opening with these bills, especially the Kline eradication bill. Please write Congress and the White House below and let them know you support the biologists and what they express in their letter rather than the endless fear mongering of big ag, killing cartels, and bought and paid for politicians.

Find Your Senators and Representatives

Contact the White House 

Please visit the Friends of the Wisconsin Wolf page and watch their film “Political Predator” about how Wisconsin threw science out the window to allow for the mass slaughter of wolves and legalized dog fighting.

Friends of the Wisconsin Wolf

6 Comments Add yours

  1. Stop the insanity, why do we have a Congress that shows children they want every animal dead ? Wolves are part of our eco system , if you don’t know this ,you are too stupid to be making decisions for my children and my Grandchildren. We need term limits on all of the men in Congress. The Wolf is not our problem, you are if you vote to destroy these animals we love so much. Where is your HEART?

  2. Cheryl Flowers says:

    What is wrong with this country? I am so disgusted I have no words to convey my dismay at the evil people. May God have mercy on their souls because I don’t. You are just evil people. And Benecheck or how ever you spell your name. I thought you were better than that.

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